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Saturday, October 10, 2009

Your Sex Drive: 6 Essentials


Your Sex Drive: 6 Essentials
What the science of good nutrition has to say about your sex drive.
Some people vouch for the effect of foods on their sex drive, but extravagant claims for aphrodisiacs are not borne out by scientific studies. While sexual function may be our physical response to a cascade of hormones, sexual drive is basically maintained by an active mind in a healthy body. Here are the essentials:

1. A healthy sex life depends on good nutrition. Good nerve function, healthy hormone levels, and an unobstructed blood flow to the pelvic area are essential to sexual performance. To keep these systems in working order, a diet should be based on legumes, grain products, and other complex carbohydrates, with plenty of fruits and vegetables and modest levels of protein; this diet provides plenty of vitamins and minerals. Particularly important are citrus fruits for vitamin C to strengthen blood vessel walls, and low-fat dairy products, enriched or fortified cereals, whole grains, and green vegetables for riboflavin to maintain the mucous membranes that line the female reproductive tract.

2. Vitamin E and sexual function. Although there are no confirming clinical studies, many experts believe that without a good supply of this vitamin from oils, margarine, nuts, seeds, green vegetables, and wheat germ, sexual function is likely to suffer.

3. Get going. Fatigue and depression are common culprits in sexual complaints. These conditions are often linked, and both may be helped by a program of regular exercise, which stimulates the production of endorphins (mood-elevating brain chemicals). In some cases, iron-deficiency anemia may be responsible for fatigue. A diet that includes meat, fish and shellfish, nuts and seeds, legumes, enriched or fortified grains and cereals, leafy greens, and dried fruits helps to replenish iron stores.

4. Get zealous over zinc. It is known that zinc is tied to sexual function, although its importance to the sex drive has yet to be explained. Without enough zinc, sexual development in children is delayed, and men, too, need zinc to make sperm. Zinc is found abundantly in foods of animal origin, including seafood (especially oysters), meat, poultry and liver, as well as eggs, milk, beans, nuts, and whole grains.

5. Minimize saturated fats. People readily accept the link between a high intake of saturated fats, elevated blood cholesterol levels, and a buildup of atherosclerotic fatty plaques on the blood vessels around the heart. It's less well understood, however, that similar plaques develop on the myriad tiny vessels in the penis. Without free-flowing circulation, the penis cannot physically respond to messages from the sex drive.

6. Curb alcohol, knock-out nicotine. Alcohol's effect on sexual function was neatly stated by William Shakespeare, who noted that wine "provokes the desire, but takes away the performance." Excessive alcohol lifts behavioral inhibitions, but this liberating effect may be canceled out by its depressant effect. Alcohol also has an action similar to the female hormone estrogen. This can have a devastating effect on masculinity, causing impotence and shrinking of the testes in men who drink heavily. Nicotine, on the other hand, is an enemy of the arteries. Nicotine not only promotes the formation of atherosclerotic plaque in the penile blood vessels but also constricts them.

Library and Information Science

The modern society is passing through the phase of information explosion. Information is available in print media such as books, periodicals, newspapers, maps etc. as well as in non-print media such as Compact Disks, phonograph records, films tapes, microforms etc. Management of various types of information is a challenge and a highly scientific task. It was the need to manage the information explosion and hence the library and information centers emerged. That was followed by the emergence of Library and Information Science. Library Science emerged as a discipline only in the end of the 19th century. With increase in micro-literature such as scientific periodicals, patents, theses etc., the new array of techniques emerged which was terms “Documentation”. Next to that, the society is facing the exponential growth of scientific literature, automation and new media of communication (such as Information Communication Technology-ICT). This brought sea change in the outlook of Librarians and Documentalists and more so in the users of information. Thus emerged “Information Science” where “Information” is at the center. We can depict the phase of Library & information science” as follows:

*Books - Library Science

*Documents (Books+Mirco-literatures) - Documentation

*Informations - Information Science

(Documents +Non-Print Media+Automation +ICT, etc) –

Library and Information Centers are repositories of knowledge and information and entertainment. They contain books, periodicals, microfilms, CDs i.e. print and non-print media for education, research and entertainment etc. Those who scientifically and systematically organize and disseminate these information sources through vivid processes such as acquisition, cataloguing, classification, reference works and dissemination of information etc., are called ‘Librarians/Information Managers’. This profession is among top ten most coveted professions in developed countries [( - careers in Library Science, p.1]

Library and Information Science deals with all kinds of aspects related to Library and Information Centers with a motive to link the information seekers with the required information through various Library and Information operations.


Ø To provide the students knowledge about basic principles and fundamentals of LIS;

Ø To train the learners about various methodology and techniques of librarianship and information handling;

Ø To make students understand the purpose and function of the Library/Information center in the changing scenario of the society;

Ø To acquaint the learners of the application of different management techniques in managing the Information systems and services;

Ø To familiarize the students with fundamentals and methodology of planning, designing and developing the Library and Information centers and their services at local, national, regional and global level;

Ø To make the students aware of application of Information Technology/ICT to LIS;

Ø To familiarize the learners about the basic knowledge of the quantitative and qualitative techniques in LIS such as statistical methods, quality management, Informetrics and Scientometrics etc.

Ø To provide the students the basic knowledge of preservation and maintenance of the collections in Library/Information Centres, technical writings etc.



Name of programmes




Certificate in Library & Information Sc. (CLISc)/Certificate in Library Sc. (CLSc).

Matric/10+2 or equivalent

3 to 6 Months


Certificate in Information, communication & Technology (ICT) Application in Library (CICTAL)

10+2 with CLISc/DLSc

6 Months


Diploma in Library & Information Sc (DLISc)/ Diploma in Library Sc (DLSc)

10+2 or equivalent

1 Yr


Bachelor of Library & Information Sc (BLSc)/Bachelor of Library Sc (BLSc)

Graduation or equivalent

1 Yr


BLISc/BLSc (LIS as subject at B.A level)

10+2 or equivalent

3 Yrs


Post Graduate Diploma in Libaray Automation & Networking (PGDLAN)


1 Yr


Master of Library & Information Sc. (MLISc)/ Master of Library Sc. (MLSc)


1 Yr


MLISc/MLSc (Integrated Course)

Graduation or equivalent

2 Yrs


Associateship in Documentation and Information Science (ADIS) [Equivalent to MLISc/MLSc

BLISc/BLSc/MBBS/BE/PG/ or equivalent

2 Yrs


Associateship of Information Science (ALS) [Equivalent to MLISc/MLSc]

BLISc/BLSc/MBBS/BE/PG/ or equivalent

2 Yrs


MSc (Information Science) [equivalent to MLISc/MLSc]

Graduation/MBBS/BE/B.Pharma/or equivalent

2 Yr


Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.

MLISc/MLSc or equivalent

1 Yr


Doctor of philosophy ( Ph.D)

Same as above

2 to 5 Yrs


Doctor of Literature (D. Litt)



The different programmes, in LIS given in bracket [ ] are available in the following University/Institutes(The list includes some prominent schools) :-

Ø Andhra University, Visakhapatnam- 530 003 [MLISc, Mphil, Ph.D}]

Ø Osamania University, Hyderabad- 500007 (

Ø Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ananthapur- 515003 [MLISc, M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø Sri Venkateshwaraa University, Tirupati- 517502. [MLISc, M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø Gauhati University, Guwahati- 787014 ( [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi- 835215 ([MSc (Information Sc), Ph.D (Information Sc)

Ø Lalit Narayan Mithila Univesity, Darbhanga- 846004 [BLISc]

Ø Patna Unversity, Patna- 800005 ( [CLISc, BLISc, MLISc(proposed)]

Ø Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur- 812007 [BLISc, MLSc, Ph.D]

Ø Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur- 495001( [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukla University, Raipur- 492010 [BLISc,MLISc,Ph.D]

Ø National Institute of Science communication & Information Rersoureces (NISCAIR- formerly INSDOC), Dr. K.S. Krishna Marg, Near pusa gate, New Delhi- 110012 (CSIR) [AIS,shorterm course: IT for Inf. Management, Lib. Automation and Resource sharing, Recent trends in LIS patent Drafiting and WINISIS (

Ø University of Delhi, Tutorial Building, Delhi- 110007 ([BLISs,MLISc,Mphil,Ph.D]

Ø IGNOU, Maidan Garhi, New Delhi- 110068 ( [BLISc,MLISc,Ph.D, PGDLAN,)

Ø Gujarat Vidyapith Library, Ashram Road, Amhedabad- 380014 [BLISc, MLISc. M Phil, Ph.D]

Ø M S University of Baroda, Vadodara- 390002 ( [BLISc, MLISc]

Ø Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra- 132119 ( [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D].

Ø University of Jammu, Baba Sahib Ambedkar Road, campusJammu- 180006 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Documentation Research and Training Center (DRTC), Indian Statistical Institute, 8th Mile, Mysore Road, Bangalore- 560005 [ADIS] (

Ø Gulbarga Universtiy, Jnana Ganga, Gulbarga- 585106 (www.[MLISc,M.Phil., Ph.D]

Ø Karnataka Universty, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad- 580003 (www. [MLISc, Ph.D]s

Ø University of Kerala ,Tiruvanthpuram- 673632 [BLISc, MLISc, Mphil, Ph.D]

Ø Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal- 462026 ( [BLISc, MLISc]

Ø Dr. Harishingh Gaur Vishwavidyalaya, sagar- 470003 ( [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D)

Ø Jiwaji University, Central Library, Gwalior- 474001 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University Institute of Journalism, E8, Trilanga, Bhopal- 462016 ( [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D, BLIT, PGDLA]

Ø .Nagpur University, Library Building, ramdaspeth, North Ambazari Maarg, Nagpur- 440010 [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø University of Pune, Jayakar Library, Ganeshkhind, pune 411007 [MLISc Mphil, Ph.D] .

Ø Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal- 795003 [BLISc]

Ø North Eastern Hill University, Shilong-793002 ( [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø .Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla, Sambalpur-768019[BLISc , MLISc, M.Phil, Ph.D]

Ø Guru Nanak University, Amritsar,-143005 ( [BLISc , MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Punjabi University, Patiala-147002( [DLSc, BLISc , MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø University of Rajasthan, Jaipur [BLISc and Documentation, MLISc and Documentation, Ph.D]

Ø Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608002 [MLISc, M.Phil, Ph.D]

Ø University of Madras, Chennai-600005 ( [MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002 [ BLISc , MLISc, M.Phil]

Ø B.H.U, Varanasi-221005 ( [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Bundelkhand University, Jhansi- 284128 ( [BLISc, MLISc,Ph.D]

Ø University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D, Short Term course in Library Computerization]

Ø University of Burdwan, Burdwan-713104 ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø University of Calcutta, Kolkata-700073 { ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]

Ø Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700032 ( ) [BLISc, MLISc, Ph.D]


Today there are bright career prospects in Library and information Science. The qualified professionals are employed in vivid libraries and Information Centers. The job opportunities in LIS can be depicted in the following sectors:


The librarians and information professionals are needed for various academic libraries, which are established in order to satisfy the informational needs of the parent bodies. Academic libraries/Information centers include School libraries, College Libraries, University Libraries, Institutional Libraries/Information centers etc. Here it is remarkable that CBSE affiliated Schools have an organized Library, hence a librarian. As per UGC norms, Colleges and universities must have a good library.


Various Technical institutes have special libraries/Information centers which include Engineering Colleges, Medical Colleges, Management Colleges, Specialized Institutes/Organizations such as council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Industrial Companies like Steel Authority of India Ltd. (SAIL) etc. There is vast scope of career for qualified library/Information Professionals in these libraries/information centers.


There is large network of public libraries at Administrative levels of governments such as Villages, Panchayats, block, District Commissionery and State etc. In India we have a large number of Public Libraries as shown in the following table:

Penetration of Public Libraries in India

Demography of India Number Public Libraries Number % Covered

State & Uts 35 State Central Libraries 28 80%

Districts 592 District Libraries 451 76%

Talukas# 3987 Taluka Libraries 501 12.5%

Villages # # 5,87,226 Rural Libraries 28,820 4.9%

(Source:# census of India, 1991, ## Ghosh 2005)

Some NGOs are also running various public libraries.

Thus it is clear that there are great job opportunities, for Library/ Information professionals in the public library sector in India.

IV. CORPORATE SECTOR: Specially big companies maintain Libraries/Information Centers for their informational needs. These companies employ qualified professionals as Information Scientists, Information managers, Database managers, Resource Managers, Knowledge worker,, Library supervisor, Librarians etc.

There is good news that recently the National Knowledge commission of India has recommended the formation of the National Library commission to strengthen the library networks in India. Thus the scope of librarianship becomes brighter.

With the information revolution, qualified Library/Information professionals are diversifying to several new growth areas such as database management, reference tool development, training of database users, systems analysis especially relating to computer work, documentation works, bibliographical works and Organisation & management of information units. Entrepreneurial Librarians/Information professionals also start their own consulting practices, acting as freelance Librarians or information brokers and providing services to other libraries, businesses or government agencies.

Conclusively today career in LIS is multidimensional, ever growing and bright which is significantly enriching the knowledge base of the society for prosperity and progress.


Pala Hanmi Reddy topped the class in BCJ for the academic year 2006-07.

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